Nickname: Old Hickory
18 July 1917: Activated. Existing components of the Tennessee State Militia and National Guard were merged to become the 30th Infantry Division. The 30th Division was created on July 18, 1917, and was formally activated into Federal service in August 1917 at Camp Sevier, South Carolina, and was composed of National Guard units from North and South Carolina and Tennessee.
The Division was named after the famed and illustrious soldier and President, Andrew “Old Hickory” Jackson, who was born near the North/South Carolina border, and rising to fame in Tennessee, where he provided some regional flavor to the tightly knit group of soldiers that he led there during the Indian Wars. The Division’s logo is an obvious link to this heritage, being represented by an “O” and “H” with the Roman Numeral “XXX” in Royal Blue on a background of Scarlet Red in the center. During World War I, the shoulder patch (logo) was worn horizontally, which actually was the incorrect orientation, which was not discovered and corrected until the mid 1920’s.
World War 1
3 Juli 1918: Arrived at Le Havre, France
9 July 1918: Assigned to hold the line east of Poperinghe in the Dickebusch and Scherpenburg sector.
World War 2
22 Feb 1944: Arrived in England.
11 June 1944: Arrived at Omaha Beach.
25 July 1944: Spearheaded the Saint-Lo break-through of Operation Cobra.
7 August 1944: relived the veteran 1st ID near Mortain. The division clashed with the 1st SS Panzer Division but broke the spearhead.
12 August 1944 Liberated Paris:
10 September 1944: Entered Belgium and crossed the Meuse river. Full Article
12 September 1944: elements of the 30th entered the Netherlands. Full Article
2 October 1944: Launched attack on Aachen. Full Article
16 October 1944: Succeeded in contacting the 1st ID resulting in encirclement and takeover of Aachen. Full Article
16 November: Pulled out of Aachen
28 Nov 1944: Pushed through Alsdorf to the Inde River
17 December 1944: Rushed south to Malmedy-Stavelot to help block the enemy drive in the Battle of the Bulge. Again they encountered the 1st SS Panzer Division and broke the spearhead.
13 January 1945: Launched a counterattack near St Vith
26 January 1945: Reached St Vith.
27 January 1945: Left the battle and moved to an assembly area near Lierneux while preparing for an attack at the Roer river.
23 February 1945: The Roer was crossed near Julich
3 March 1945: Moved back for training and rehabilitation
24 March 1945: Assault crossed the Rhine
7 April: Took Hamelin
12 April Tool Braunschweig
17 April: Helped reduce Magdeburg. WW2 ended soon afterwards. 30th assigned to occupation duty.
19 Aug: Arrived back at the United States.